How do you say you have received the money?
I received is simple past. Your next sentence should also be in the simple past, referring to the same point in time. Example: I received the money and paid rent with it. I have received is present perfect.
Have you received the money or did you receive the money?
“Did you receive it?” would probably be the most commonly heard one, but “Have you received it” is also definitely a good way to say it as well.
Did you get money meaning?
“Did you get the money” means that you had been expecting his to get the money or you know when it would happen. Whereas “Have you got the money” (as perfect present of get) means the same but you have no idea when it was supposed to happen.