How does money decrease in value?
Time value of money exists due to inflation and preference of people for present consumption. On account of inflation, you might not be able to buy the same amount of goods in future compared to today as the purchasing power of money decreases due to inflation.
Who benefits from inflation?
2. Equity and Commodity Investors. Despite low economic growth rates, investors can benefit from inflation if they hold the correct stocks and commodities in their portfolios. Equity investors: Putting your money in stocks is much better than holding cash during times of high inflation.
What happens when inflation is high?
In an inflationary environment, unevenly rising prices inevitably reduce the purchasing power of some consumers, and this erosion of real income is the single biggest cost of inflation. Inflation can also distort purchasing power over time for recipients and payers of fixed interest rates.